Under Massachusetts law, sexual harassment is defined as: “…sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature when (a) submission to or rejection of such advances, requests or conduct is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of employment or as a basis for employment decisions; (b) such advances, requests or conduct have the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individual’s work performance by creating an intimidating, hostile, humiliating or sexually offensive work environment.” Mass. Gen. Laws Ann. ch. 151B, § 1(18) (2014).
Although sexual harassment can, and certainly does, occur outside of the workplace, most sexual harassment lawsuits center around employee harassment. In addition to the protections afforded by Massachusetts law, Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 also provides protection to victims of sexual harassment and sexual discrimination in the workplace. The federal law prohibits discrimination in employment on the basis of sex, race, color, national origin, and religion.
There are two types of sexual harassment in the workplace: quid pro quo harassment and hostile work environment harassment. Massachusetts and federal law create civil liability for both. Quid pro quo harassment occurs when sexual favors are made a condition of employment or promotions. Hostile work environment harassment occurs when an employee is made to feel humiliated, violated or offended by sexual advances at their place of work or by a co-worker or boss.
When you are a victim of either type of sexual harassment in the workplace, the consequences can be devastating. Many sexual harassment victims suffer severe emotional distress. Occasionally, the anxiety surrounding the workplace can make it difficult for victims to perform their work at all. Sexual harassment can be a sensitive and difficult topic to discuss, and victims may feel a stigma associated with sexual harassment. But sexual harassment victims are not to blame for the actions of their abusers.
If you or a loved one has been the victim of sexual harassment in the workplace, call our expert attorney advocates today for help at 617-787-3700 or by email at email@example.com. Your needs are our top priority!
Sexual assault can be a difficult subject. Victims of sexual assault can suffer physical and emotional injuries as a result of the abuse. Although money damages cannot undo what has been done, they can assist the victim of sexual assault financially by providing some compensation for injuries, pain and suffering and emotional distress. Although criminal prosecutions can punish the assailant with jail time, fines or other sanctions, civil actions are the only way to ensure that sexual assault victims receive fair and just monetary compensation that they deserve.
With more than thirty years of experience assisting Massachusetts residents just like you, the Law Offices of Attorney Gilbert R. Hoy, Jr. and Affiliates has the skill, expertise and dedication needed to get you the best results possible. If it is more convenient for you, Attorney Gil Hoy or one of our other highly skilled lawyers will happily travel to your home or another place of your choosing to meet with you and discuss your sexual harassment or sexual assault claim. Our expert Boston attorneys are always available 24/7 by phone at 617-787-3700 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org. Your needs are our top priority!